Wednesday, May 14, 2014

cinema obscura: Four with June Allyson

When the eternally youthful June Allyson died at age 89 on July 8, 2006, most of the coverage was devoted to her work at MGM and the various “wife” roles that she played in a string of biopics.

Missing from all career appreciations was any mention of Jean Negulesco's shrewdly pre-feminist, all-star "Woman's World" (1954), a Fox film, and three from Universal - José Ferrer's compelling “The Shrike” (1955), which dramatically cast Allyson against type; Henry Koster's remake of "My Man Godfrey" (1957), which teamed her with David Niven, and Douglas Sirk's version of "Interlude" (1957) with Rossano Brazzi.

All four titles are virtually lost, impossible to see, although for a while, "Woman's World" had been popping up on what's left of the Fox Movie Channel.  Today, we'll correct that.
Jean Negulesco's
"Woman's World" is a hugely entertaining, rather scathing little number that works as a variation on the "three-gal" flicks that the filmmaker perfected at 20th Century-Fox during the 1950s. Negulesco was responsbile for "How to Marry a Millionaire," "The Best of Everything," "Three Coins in a Fountain" - the grand-daddy of them all - and its '60s remake, "The Pleasure Seekers."

"Woman's World" is sly subversion of the formula but every bit as affable and slick as its siblings. The plot - which could easily lend itself to a topical remake - follows the efforts of Clifton Webb, the powerful CEO of Gifford Motors, an auto manufacturer, to find a suitable replacement when he retires. To accomplish this, he wings in his company's three top branch managers - different men from different parts of the country - and their wives for a week of wining and dining and interviewing in New York. You need not ask why the film isn't set in Detroit. New York is clearly more glamorous.

The candidates include ambitious Van Heflin and his grasping wife Arlene Dahl, from Dallas; the contentious Fred MacMurray and Lauren Bacall, a Philadelphia couple on the verge of divorce, and Cornel Wilde as a down-to-earth guy from Kansas City and Allyson as his ditzy wife.

What no one catches on to is the fact that the boss is scrutinizing the wives as much as the men themselves, perhaps even more so.

Webb is at his sauve, sarcastic best - he was the original Kevin Spacey - as he taunts and tests his co-stars and generally has them squirming. The excellent, deliciously sexist ending comes with a twist that was daring for its time but that was totally in keeping with Webb and the advanced mindset he brought to his films.

BTW, the script was written by playwright Russell Crouse (father of Lindsay Crouse) and Claude Binyon, who also wrote Allyson's "You Can't Run Away from It" (1956), the Dick Powell-directed "It Happened One Night" musical remake for Columbia, which has been popping up recently on Turner Classics following many years of absence.

Anyway, the next time Fox screens "Woman's World," watch it. Better yet, tape it.

The disappearance of “The Shrike” is particularly odd, given its credentials. Based on the Pulitzer Prize-winning 1952 play by Joseph Kramm, the stage production won two Tony awards for José Ferrer – as best actor in a play and best director of a play. On stage, Ferrer co-starred with Judith Evelyn, best known as Miss Lonelyheart in Alfred Hitchcock’s “Rear Window.”

However, when Ferrer decided to transfer the play to film, his first as a director and with himself again in the male lead, he did the unforeseeable and hired Allyson to play the role of an unrelenting wife who pecks and pecks at her husband – much like the bird of the title – until she has effectively beaten him down.

With this film, Ferrer explored what critic Richard Schickel called Allyson’s “vaunted sweetness,” as well as the perilous state of marriage when one of its partners fairly drips and seduces with venom. “It was a delicious combination,” continues Schickel in his book “The Stars” (1962) – "her surface sweetness and the inner viciousness of the role.”

"My Man Godfrey," of course, is Henry Koster's remake of the Gregory La Cava 1936 classic farce about class differences that starred Carole Lombard (at her most irresistible) and the pitch-perfect William Powell (also irresistible).

Koster's version is amazingly faithful to the original, sometimes slavishly so, and yet it seems rather pale in comparison. Allyson, a true ordinary girl-next-door, is as miscast here as she was in "You Can't Run Away from It." This apple-pure actress was not meant to play screwball heiresses.

David Niven, on the other hand, fills Powell's shoes quite well and, as he proved so often in studio films around this time, he was the most urbane of good sports, embracing the best of both the reserved British and looser American cultures.

James M. Cain concocted the story for Douglas Sirk's "Interlude," which was remade a decade later in 1968 under the same title by director Kevin Billington - although, for some bizaar reason, Cain goes uncredited in the Billington version. Oddly, Cain only supplied the story to Sirk. He didn't pen the screenplay. That was done by a collection of other writers.

Both films are European-based soap operas about a young, impressionable woman (Allyson in the Sirk version, Barbara Ferris in Billington's) who falls for a married orchestra conductor (Rossano Brazzi and Oskar Werner, respectively). The heroines both suffer in achingly beautiful surroundings, although neither film is exactly an emotional knockout. And the remake is as difficult to see as the original

The Sirk version has those matchless Sirkian qualities that he so freely exhibited at Universal during this ripe, productive period, while the Billington's take on it is kept afloat largely by the mesmerizing, mournful Werner, the wonderful Virginia Maskell as his wife and a classic Georges Delerue score. Lots of harpischords. (Frank Skinner scored Sirk's film.)

Sirk opens his film with a song by the MacQuire Sisters; Billington and Delerue use the inimitable Timi Yuro for the remake's haunting title song.

You know, I'd actually like to see both films again.


Jack said...

June Allyson was one of my mother's favorite actresses, so it was so nice to read about her again. What a lady. Not like today's actresses. Thanks for the memories.

Beth said...

Oh my God, "Woman's World" is a total Blast! But I haven't seen it in years. Had no idea it's been televised recently. Has it ever been put out on video? Whatever, I need to get a copy quick!

Alex said...

beth: Woman's World got a VHS release in 1995 (the picture in Joe's article is of the VHS cover). You can still get reasonably priced copies at Unfortunately, it won't be letterboxed, so the original CinemaScope framing will be totally ruined.

Toni said...

I taped Woman's World years ago & used to warch it a lot. I love Laren Bacall taking June Allyson shopping. Allyson is so sweet & Bacall is perfect as the tired wife.

milt said...

Way cool! Some very valid points! I appreciate you writing this post and also the rest of the
website is really good.

Len B. said...

"Woman's World" has also been
shown at, and
"Interlude" (Douglas Sirk)
is being re-discovered.

I shall be a June Allyson
fan to infinity.

I interviewed June Allyson,
and she became my friend.
She was a lovely lady.

Most, if not all, of June
Allyson's films are on VHS.
Some are are on DVD but,
if you search, you will
find June Allyson.

"The Glenn Miller Story" is
still considered to be one
of the highest-grossing bio

June Allyson and James
Stewart, close friends,
had a wonderful chemistry

Tommy said...

I always feel like I enjoy Negulesco's proto-chick flicks more than I should; they're nowhere near as deft, insightful or sly as contemporaneous films by Sirk or Minnelli. Still, they make for a fascinating glimpse at the 50s zeitgeist in the areas of work and gender. WOMAN'S WORLD would make an interesting double feature with the same year's EXECUTIVE SUITE (also with Alyson), a much tougher, more serious film with which it shares a plotline about the competition to replace a deceased executive.

One thing I got a kick out of in WOMAN'S WORLD was a kick out of was seeing Bacall and MacMurray interact with an Italian restaurateur played by Fred Flintstone (well, Alan Reed).

Godard said...

INTERLUDE is actually one of those circuitous projects. It's actually a remake of WHEN TOMORROW COMES, which was a 1939 movie starring Irene Dunne and Charles Boyer, directed by John Stahl. The script was handed to Sirk, but Sirk had no idea of its origins. He just knew it was a reworking of WHEN TOMORROW COMES and that the source was a story by James M. Cain. What Sirk discovered (after the fact) was that the actual "source" was SERENADE (which was also used as the source for an Anthony Mann directed movie - made in the same year!) and the remnant which ties INTERLUDE (and WHEN TOMORROW COMES) to the Cain source material is a scene where the hero and heroine seek refuge in a church.

Of course, SERENADE is notorious because it's one of the nastiest of Cain's books: a man practically rapes a Mexican woman, and they go on the run, and it turns out one reason they're running is that he was an opera singer who is impresario who was his homosexual lover. (It's been decades since i've read the book, but that much i remember.) In SERENADE, the impresario is turned into a woman - Joan Fontaine. (The opera singer is played by Mario Lanza.) In INTERLUDE the man is made into a conductor....

But Sirk didn't have time to investigate the script when he was handed it and given the schedule. But years later he said, if i knew the actual source, i would have tried to include more of the original story into the movie. (The book has a kick, which none of the film "versions" has.)

Laura Eskanzi said...

Joe, you're movie madness continues. I've been following your work for years and I can't think of anyone else who would write about these two films. I, too, am sick of "the usual suspects." Continued luck with your web site. It's really good!